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Artichoke cultivation in Spain

Cultivation

In Spain the main and almost the only variety we can find is the variety called "White Alcachofa of Tudela". Note that this plant holds throughout the year, a single plant can last more than three years, once the harvesting is allowed and serves for the next year, then grow back pruning and fruit, in this case the artichokes .

We can find the main plantations in warm areas of the Spanish geography, Murcia, Valencia, but the greenhouses we find this plant in other parts of the Spanish geography.

Curiously, Spain is the second largest producer of artichokes after Italy

Sowing

There are 2 ways to grow artichokes:

Seed: a small hole in the soil with your finger, about 5 cm deep is made and dropped a few seeds, cover and spreads. In just two weeks should be seen leaving the ground floor.

By cutting: a branch or cutting from a mother plant is caught, the leaves are removed and the bottom peeled and ground into small schools or pots to grow roots added hormones in order to advance the process, this technique is much safer than seeds, transplanting the plant the garden has much more force and is harder to die.

We can find artichokes grown in fields outdoors or in the greenhouse (much more productive than outdoor), since this plant is very prone to frost (when the temperature of -4 degrees more than 8 hours the ground freezes , producing the fruit, especially the fruit stem attaches to the branch inside becomes black and most of its production is lost)

Pruning and once the collection back in the months of July-August dry plant is pruned to begin to be developed to bear fruit in the next collection.

Irrigation and fertilization

At first artichoke, requires moisture to root hard, must be aware of irrigation throughout the growth process, it is a plant that can not forget your irrigation requires moisture during growth.

Subscriber nutrients are vital to any plant, the most widely used animal manure is mixed directly into the soil or even nutrients (phosphates, nitrates, potassium ...) the latter mixed in water or directly in the ground as small grams also called guano fertilizer

The drip irrigation is usually either by land or air, but you can also ditch water by flooding the plantation area (less used because more water is consumed)

Harvest

We can find artichokes and in the month of October to the month of May-June, and every fruit in the market which comes first is the highest paid, so if in October bought artichokes surely pay far more expensive than in the month January or February

It is very important when harvesting always leave on a branch at least an artichoke, ie if several artichokes on a branch will leave a store for the industry to give more fruit.

They are harvested by cutting the stem that holds the branch, used a knife to it, the collectors usually carry a basket slung on his back and the collections are throwing artichokes in the basket when the baskets are emptied into large crates filled . Another way of collecting is the least used to throw them into a typical orange crate

Pests

The most common pests and diseases that affect the artichoke are:

Worm: What makes holes in the most tender plant stems to feed, causing the plant to lose power and undermine production.

Caterpillar: It feeds on the leaves of the plant, causing the plant to lose strength and vigor.

Miner: Fly lavas are growing and feed on the leaves of the plant, once the reproductive cycle of the plant fall over and again begin the cycle again.

Aphids: They feed primarily on stems and eat the leaves, making the plant turns yellowish and faded color.

Kitchen

In kitchen has endless uses, grilled, breaded you, boiled, any rice, or even a simple cream

It is a product that oxidizes much to it once you clean the outside of the protection usually use a bit of lemon or put them in ice water to prevent rusting so fast.

Other uses

Pharmaceutical industry: We can find plenty of pharmaceutical products derived from this plant, mainly diuretics products used in diets.


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